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Description of the image

The image shows the entrance on the subway platform in Bucharest.

On the left side there is a cabin, viewed from the lateral side, similar to a kiosk, used as information center and for loading the subway cards, highlighted by a vertical rectangle, with rounded top corners, textured in oblique and parallel lines, with a window on the right edge, rendered by an empty square.

Below are placed turnstiles, low, vertical pillars, with rectangular form, rendered full in relief, which have attached small glass gates, in square shape, filled with dotted texture, through which only a single person can pass, in a given time.

At the top of the turnstiles is placed the device that gives access by opening the door, if the traveler introduces the subway card, and is represented by grid texture, respectively, vertical lines superimposed on other horizontal ones

Historical data

Industrialization was one of the greatest promises of communism and perhaps the only successful one. In Romania’s case, the communist period brought major changes and modernization in the field of industry. One of the most important implementations was the construction of an underground transport system.
Since 1908, a plan for the construction of a subway line in Bucharest appears, through the licensing work of Dimitrie Leonida (Bibliography 1). However, the plan construction of the underground network would start to be implemented much later.

There was an attempt to start the project even in 1952, but without success. Only in 1971, the Popular Council of the Municipality of Bucharest set up a commission that had the role of documenting the progress of the underground transport system ( Bibliography 2).
Three years later, in 1974 it was officially decided to start the construction, which would have three buses: Stăvilarul Ciurel – Titan (bus I), Pipera – Berceni (bus II), and the third bus would connect all the city’s districts. Bibliography 3. The following year, the project is started Bibliography 4.

Bibliography

1. Lucian Nastasă, Itinerarii spre lumea savantă: tineri din spațiul românesc la studii în străinătate, 1864-1944, Cluj-Napoca, Editura Limes, 2006, p. 238.
2. Antoaneta Etves, Trenul subteran face noi opriri. Două stații de metrou de deschid astăzi! Cât a construit Ceaușescu și câte stații s-au dat în folosință în ultimii 27 de ani. Galerie FOTO, disponibil online la https://evz.ro/trenul-subteran-face-noi-opriri-doua-statii-de-metrou-de-deschid.html aceesat la 03.12.2018.
3. Constantin Vitanos, Alexandru-Claudiu Vitanos, România de la “Marea cea mare” : ţinut original – îmbogăţeşte patrimoniul umanității. Opinii externe, București, Editura Mica Valahie, 2018, p. 29.
4. Ibidem.

 

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