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1993, Budapest)

Image description

A middle-aged, balding man, with a noticeable jawline, dressed in a suit.

The slightly curbed texture makes up the short hair, combed towards the back.

He has bushy eyebrows, almost united in the middle, and a straight, long nose.

The wavy texture outlines the jacket, worn on top of the shirt, represented here by the by the squared texture, and the filled-in tie.

Historical information

Alexandru Drăghici was born on September 27th, 1913 in Tisau, Buzau County, to a family of poor country folk. After finishing primary school, he worked in a small shop in Buzau, and in 1928 he enlisted in a vocational school, near Buzau Railway Roundhouse. After the school was closed down, he continued his vocational education in the Romanian Railways Workshops Grivita, in Bucharest, getting a mechanic-locksmith certificate in 1932.

In 1933, he becomes a member of PCdR (Romanian Communist Party), and two years later he is placed under arrest during a plenary session of the CC of UTC in Bucharest. [Bibliography 1]. He is investigated in Bucharest, judged and convicted in a famous trial in Craiova, together with Ana Pauker and other famous names of Romanian communism after World War ll (Alexandru and Stela Moghioros, Iosif Chisinevschi). He is convicted to 9 years and 6 months in prison, being detained in multiple penitentiaries, among which Doftana, Caransebes, the Camp for Political Prisoners in Targu Jiu [Bibliography 2]. During his time in prison he meets Gheorghiu-Dej, with which he becomes close. After August 23rd he occupies multiple functions within the managing structures of the party and of the communist regime, such as Public Prosecutor for the People`s Tribunal in Bucharest, member in the Control Commission of the Party, First Secretary of PCR Bucharest organization [Bibliography 3]. In 1952, he was named Minister of Internal Affairs, managing the activity of the Securitate and the communist repression until 1965 [Bibliography 4]. During the following years, upon the death of Gheorghiu-Dej and the power struggle among the communist elites he will be defeated by Nicolae Ceaușescu, who was elected First Secretary in the IXth Congress of the Romanian Communist Party (PCR). As such, in the Plenary of April 1968, he is removed from all the functions he had in the communist regime. Between 1968 and 1971 he was manager of IAS Buftea, after which he retired. After the 1989 revolution, in the context of the attempts of being sent to trial by the communist regime for the murder of Ibrahim Sefit a.k.a.Turcu, he finds refuge in Budapest, where his daughter was living. He died in the Hungarian capital in December 1993 [Bibliography 5].

 

Bibliography

  1. ANIC, Colection 53, file D-124, ff. 11-12.
  2. Dumitru Lăcătuşu, Procesul Anei Pauker de la Bucureşti şi Craiova (27 februarie 1936 şi 5 iunie – 7 iulie 1936), in Adrian Cioroianu (editor), Comuniştii înainte de comunism: procese şi condamnări ale ilegaliştilor din România, Bucureşti, Editura Universităţii din Bucureşti, 2014, passim.
  3. Ministry of Justice, Decision no. 1403 of 27 April 1945, in Official Monitor, part I, no. 100/2 May 1945, Dumitru Lăcătușu Birocraţi ai puterii şi politici represive în România comunistă (1948-1968). Studiu de caz: Alexandru Drăghici, (PhD thesis defended at the  Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Iași, 2015), p. 106.
  4. Doc. 15 „Decret nr. 104 al Prezidiului Marii Adunări Naţionale pentru numirea lui Alexandru Drăghici în funcţia de ministru al Afacerilor Interne”, in Florica Dobre (coord.), Structuri – cadre. Obiective. Metode, Bucureşti, Editura Enciclopedică, 2006, p. 61.
  5. Dumitru Lăcătușu Birocraţi ai puterii şi politici represive în România comunistă (1948-1968). Studiu de caz: Alexandru Drăghici, (PhD thesis defended at the Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Iași, 2015)), passim.

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