The image shows a rectangular football field, viewed from above.
The field is divided into two equal parts by a halfway line on a center circle and it’s marked by a texture of vertical and parallel lines, representing the grass.
Each half has a gate at the edge, called goal and made of a crossbar and a net, rendered by texture of embossed dots.
In front of each gate is marked a rectangle called penalty box, which is placed inside a bigger rectangle called penalty area.
These surfaces are highlighted by a dotted texture, along with the center circle.
In the corners of the football field, there are quarters of a circle, representing the corner flags.
The football field is a rectangular surface on which the football game is played. Generally, this is a surface covered with natural grass, but it can also be a surface covered with artificial grass. Artificial surfaces must be green in colour.
Unlike the natural grass surface, the artificial one is sustainable and safe, offering unlimited play and low maintenance.
The playing field is delimited by two longer sides, called touchlines and two shorter sides, called goal lines. The touchlines must be between 90-120 meters long and the goal lines between 45-90 meters.
For international matches the touchlines must be between 90-110 meters long and
the goal lines must be between 50-75 meters wide.
The football field is marked by white lines with a maximum width of 12 centimeters. It is divided into two halves by a half-way line in the center and a circle in the middle. Each half has a football goal, located at the end of the field. The goals consist of two upright posts (at a distance of 7 meters from each other), joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The goalposts and the crossbar must be white, rectangular, round or oval in shape, made of wood or steel, and have the same width and thickness, which does not exceed 12 centimeters.
Nets are usually placed behind the goals so as not to let the ball pass through them, though they are not required by the Laws.
The ball must be round, made of a suitable material, weighing between 410-450 grams.
At each end of the football field, in front of the goal, there is a rectangular area, called “the goal area” or “small square” with a length of 18 meters and a width of 5 and a half meters. The small square is placed inside another larger rectangle, called “penalty area” or “large square”, with a length of 40 meters and a width of 16 and a half meters.
Outside each penalty area is marked in the middle a semicircle from which a player executes, the penalty kick, known as the shot from 11 meters.
At each corner of the pitch, there is a corner flag, not less than 150 centimeters high, with a non-pointed top.
The most popular football fields are: “Santiago Bernabeu”, where the Spanish Real Madrid team plays the home matches, “Camp Nou”, the arena of one of the largest football teams in the world, FC Barcelona, “Old Trafford”, which hosts the matches of Manchester United, England, and others.
In addition to the standard size fields, there are special fields designed for blind players. They are a quarter of the normal fields and have smaller goals. The pitch is divided into three areas: the goalkeeper area, a middle zone and an attack zone. Each team has four blind outfield players and a goalkeeper who has normal or partially normal vision, who will serve as a guide. The ball is spherical and has some bells in it, so that the players can orient themselves. The match takes place during two rounds of 25 minutes each, and the break is 10 minutes.
Football for the blind came to Romania in 2013, in Cluj-Napoca.
There is also a team sport, created especially for visually impaired players, called “goalball”. It is played indoors, usually on a volleyball court. Players compete in teams of three, and try to throw a ball that has bells embedded in it into the opponents’ goal. The ball is thrown by hand and never kicked.
- Synthetic turf – General description, available online at https://www.atlassport.ro/pardoselisportive/gazon-sintetic/, accessed December 13, 2019.
- Everything we need to know about the dimensions of the football field, available at https://povestidindeplasare.ro/dimensizioni-teren-fotbal/, accessed December 13, 2019
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teren_de_fotbal, accessed December 13, 2019
- How to play football in the dark? The team that qualified Romania at the European Championship, available online at https://www.digi24.ro/stiri/sport/fotbal/cum-e-sa-joci-fotbal-pe-intuneric-echipa-care-a-qualified- Romania-at-European-Championship-1106030, accessed December 14, 2019
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goalball, accessed December 14, 2019