Image description

The image shows from above, directed to the left, the first model of a jet plane, made by Henri Coandă, with which he made the first flight on such a motor aircraft in 1910.

The outer shell of the aircraft body is called the fuselage and is represented embossed, by an elongated horizontal shape, very thin.

Attached to the fuselage are, from left to right: the cockpit, the wings, which make it possible to support the body in the air and generate lift, the tail of the aircraft with horizontal stabilizers, which control the pitch, followed by vertical stabilizers and the rudder, which control and change the yaw.

The jet engine is located at the muzzle of the plane, left end.

The cockpit, for the command, is located under the wings, in the center-left.

The wings on the side are fixed to the roof, here rendered by a vertical rectangle, located on the center of the body, filled with the texture of oblique and parallel lines.

The rear wings are rendered by the texture of oblique and parallel lines, as follows: the horizontal stabilizer has a trapezoidal shape, respectively a form that has two parallel vertical sides and two non-parallel horizontal ones, and the vertical stabilizer which has a more flat and elongated shape, stretched towards the tail.

General information

The beginning of the twentieth century would bring to the world many inventions and discoveries that led to both the progress of science and the improvement of quality of life. From the discovery of polonium and radio by Marie Curie to Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity, the world of science was on the rise. Romania’s name would also resonate in the period through the invention made by Henri Coandă. In 1910, at only 24 years old, he was to design and build the world’s first jet aircraft. (Bibliography 1).
On December 16, 1910, Henri Coandă was to present his invention at the Paris International Aeronautical Salon. (Bibliography 2). After this event, he tried to fly the plane on the Issy-les-Moulineaux field, but due to aerodynamic defects, he crashed into a wall, resulting in burning completely the aircraft. (Bibliography 3).
His invention would be perfected much later. In 1934, Henri Coandă was to obtain a patent in France for a process and device for deflecting a stream of fluid entering another fluid (the Henri Coandă effect) (Bibliography 4). This discovery was based on his 1910 invention (Bibliography 5).


1. Neculai Moghior, Avionul cu reacţie al lui Coandă face senzaţie, available online at https://www.historia.ro/sectiune/general/articol/avionul-cu-reactie-al-lui-coanda-face-senzatie accessed on 07.12.2018.
2. Nicolae Balotescu, Carmen Zgăvärdici, Istoria aviației române, Editura Științifică și Enciclopedică, 1984, p. 54.
3. ANIC, fond Henri Coandă, dosar 5, f.1.
4. Alexandru Toreanik, Se implinesc 37 de ani de la moartea lui Henri Coanda, available online at http://www.ziare.com/stiri/frauda/se-implinesc-37-de-ani-de-la-moartea-lui-henri-coanda-958873 accessed on 07.12.2018.
5. Ibidem.

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