The image shows from side, the vessel Mircea, a three masted barque with many sails, pointed with the sharp frontage of the boat, called the bow, to the left.
The sailing vessel, was used as a merchant ship or battleship, now being assigned for the practice of naval students.
The massive body of the ship, also called the hull, is marked embossed, rectangular in shape, thin and elongated towards the sharp ends from the left, at the bow, in front, and the right, at the stern, in the back.
Masts are high wooden pillars, rendered by thickened vertical lines, to which are tied with ropes or wires, the sails of the ship.
The masts on the left and center are provided with four sails each, and the one on the right with three sails, rendered as horizontal rectangles, filled with grid texture.
The front mast at the bow, left, is called the foremast, is the tallest, and has a horizontal yard or wooden bar, placed perpendicular to the mast, to which the sails are attached.
The yard is highlighted by a horizontal and thickened line, located at the top of the first vertical line, representing the foremast.
The mast in the middle is called the mainmast, is shorter than the first, but taller than the one on the right, and has a yard at the bottom.
The rear mast at the stern, right, is called the mizzenmast, is the shortest, and has an oblique yard, inclined towards the stern, right, to which the rear sails are bound.
The sails of the mizzenmast are called from top to bottom: the mizzen topsail, triangular in shape and the spanker or the driver, trapezoidal in shape, having two opposite sides parallel and two other non-parallel.
The mast at the top of the bow, the far left, is called the bowsprit, and is inclined to the left, highlighted by a thick, oblique line.
There is also an elongated sail, bound between the bowsprit and the yard of the foremast, called the jib, having a triangular shape.
The vessel floats on the water rendered by two wavy lines, horizontal and thickened, located below the ship.
Often, a country’s past is linked to artefacts, to which people give a special meaning. This is also the case of the Mircea barque, named after the ruler of Wallachia, Mircea the Old. Although in the past there was a Mircea sailboat, built in 1882, the one from 1938 would go down in history (Bibliography 1). After the speech that Charles The Second gave on August 15, 1936 on Navy Day, the Romanian National League decided to organize a national subscription (Bibliography 2). The reason would be the purchase of a new barque. Thus, the citizens contributed 6 million lei, the remaining costs of 114 million being inccured by the state (Bibliography 3). The construction of the ship would begin on September 22, 1938, and from May 17, 1939 it would be brought to the country on May 17, 1939 (Bibliography 4). The chosen construction company would be “Blohm & Voss”, from Hamburg (Bibliography 5). At the end, the hull of the Mircea barque was made of steel and had a length of 84 meters and a width of 12.5 meters (Bibliography 6). In 1966, the school ship underwent major repairs, thus becoming the most modern in Romania (Bibliography 7).
1. Ing. Dan Eugen Sambra, Istoria navei școală «Mircea (II)»: partea I-a (1938-1939, Hamburg) / FOTO, available online at https://www.historia.ro/sectiune/general/articol/istoria-navei-scoala-mircea-ii-partea-i-a-1938-1939-hamburg accessed on 09.12.2018.
4. Mariana Iancu, Nava-școală Mircea va avea un nou comandant. Bricul se află de 79 de ani în serviciul Marinei, available online at https://adevarul.ro/locale/constanta/nava-scoala-mircea-nou-comandant-bricul-afla-79-ani-serviciul-marinei-romane-1_5afafca6df52022f7502b157/index.html accessed on 09.12.2018. Române
7. Ing. Dan Eugen Sambra, Istoria navei școală «Mircea (II)»: partea I-a (1938-1939, Hamburg) / FOTO, available online at https://www.historia.ro/sectiune/general/articol/istoria-navei-scoala-mircea-ii-partea-i-a-1938-1939-hamburg accessed on 09.12.2018.