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Image description

The image shows a massive, four-wheeled vehicle, similar to a truck, called a garbage truck, used for collecting, loading and unloading waste from public and private space, viewed side and facing left.

It is distinguished from other vehicles by the fact that it has a large, rectangular container or recycle bin, located at the back of the driver’s cab, on the right, in which the waste is thrown by hand, by an operator sitting on a small step behind the car, or it is thrown automatically by a ramp.

The body car is very high in height, uncovered, for an easy loading, transport and unloading of rubbish, except for the driver’s cab, which is closed.

The container is a large metal box, marked embossed, with a straight top edge, outlined by a descending oblique line, depicting the opening through which the waste is collected.

The driver’s cab on the left is shown embossed and has a squarish cabin window at the top, at the base of which is a three-step staircase, all outlined by a thick and blank line.

The wheels are characterized by very thick tires, represented by embossed circles, with a blank dot in the center.

A man is standing in the right bottom corner, thus positioned to facilitate the comparison of the dimensions of the vehicle to the height of an adult.

Additional data

Garbage machines first appeared in Europe in the 1920s, in the form of tarpaulin trucks. The first garbage car similar to today’s appears in 1929, under the name of Heil Collecto, and was provided with a basket for throwing buckets of waste.

In the mid-1930s, the Dempster-Dumpster system appeared, which used large baskets that the garbage dumps filled with waste and which were loaded into the garbage car using the truck mechanism.

In 1938, The Barwood Load Packer appeared, the first model of a garbage machine equipped with a compression system. This involves crushing the garbage, allowing the garbage machine to collect as much waste as possible in a single road.

In the 1950s, this system evolved, becoming the front-loading garbage machine we know today.

The compression system became standard for garbage machines but it was only in the 1970s, and a decade later, in the 1980s, the process of automating garbage machines began, a process that is still ongoing.

Bibliografie

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-evolution-of-the-garbage-truck?fbclid=IwAR3Kf_7lrhcCtZswZTkswsiy4VjLZVLhLWHq7CKgpe2FplqUXuuEe_jpx5s

Descarcă imaginea

https://tactileimages.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/ENG37.png