The image shows a model of a modern, convertible car, meaning without a roof, viewed from side, facing left.
It is a squarish car, slightly elongated, low in height, with a special body car, due to the possibility of driving this type of car with or without a roof.
The exterior skeleton of the car, also called the body car, is marked embossed.
The headlights in the front, left side, and the rear lights,at the back, lower right, are rendered in blank shapes.
The wheels at the bottom have the tires marked by embossed circles.
The car has two doors, from side being shown just one, respectively the one from the driver’s seat, left side, outlined by a blank, thickened line.
Being a convertible, providing no roof, the backrests of the seats inside the car can be shown, rendered by dotted texture, placed behind each other, respectively left – the driver’s seat, and right – the seat for passengers.
The convertible, cabriolet or spider / spider is a passenger car that can take care of dealing with or without a roof. Roof removal and storage methods vary between models.
The convertible allows for an outdoor driving experience, with the possibility to provide a roof when needed.
The potential disadvantages of convertibles are reduced structural rigidity (requiring significant engineering and modifications to counteract the effects of removing a car roof) and loading space.
Most convertible roofs are a foldable fabric construction. Other types of convertible roofs include retractable hardtops (often made of metal or plastic) and removable hardtops (where a metal or plastic roof is manually removed and often stored in the trunk).
Most of the early cars were open-air vehicles with no roof or side parts, because car engines became stronger by the end of the 19th century, folding roofs of textile or leather began to appear on cars.
Examples of early rooftop cars include a phaeton (a two-seater car with a temporary roof), a brougham or a coupé de ville (with a rear passenger compartment closed, while the driver was sitting in the front, either outdoors) or the landaulet. (where the driver has a fixed roof and the cockpit has a folding roof). Less expensive cars, such as treadmills, sports roads or rugged touring cars, either remained outdoors or were fitted with a folded rudimentary and removable side curtains.
In the 1920s, when steel bodies began to be mass produced, closed cars became available to the average buyer and fully opened cars disappeared from the main market.
Until the mid-1930s, the resilient number of small convertibles sold were luxury models at a high price. In 1939, Plymouth introduced the first mechanically operated convertible roof.
Demand for convertibles increased as a result of American soldiers from France and the United Kingdom during World War II, which were facing small roadster cars that were not available at the time in the United States. These include MG Midget and Triumph Roadster. Car manufacturers in the United States manufactured a wide range of models in the 1950s-’60s – from compact, economical models such as the American Rambler and Studebaker Lark to more expensive models such as Packard Caribbean, Oldsmobile 98 and Chrysler Imperial.
In the 1970s, the popularity of convertibles was severely reduced by the increased road travel speed (leading to increased wind and noise for occupants) and proposed safety standards in the event of vehicle accidents in the United States.
After the last Cadillac Eldorado Convertible was made in 1976, the only convertibles sold in the United States were imported, until Chrysler Corporation introduced 1982 K-Car models. For Chrysler this was LeBaron, and for Dodge, 400.
In 1989, Mazda launched the first generation Mazda MX-5 (called “Miata” in North America), which became the best-selling convertible with over 1 million cars sold.
Also, in 1989, Toyota launched Toyota Soarer Aerocabin, which uses a retractable roof with electric drive. Only 500 were produced, however retractable design became more popular in the 21st century.
Currently, convertible body styles include the Mazda MX-5, Porsche Boxster and Opel Cascada. Many other models also include a convertible body style in the model range.