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Image description

The image shows the frontage of a tram, respectively the facade of the motor wagon, responsible for the electric traction of the other wagons behind.

The wagon’s facade is rendered like an embossed, vertical rectangle, with the upper corners curved, and the lower part consisting of a rectangular and horizontal plate, on which the registration number is displayed.

The headlights, the front lights from above the licence plate, are represented as two small, horizontal, blank rectangles, positioned on the center of the facade, one on the left and one on the right.

Above the headlights is highlighted, by a large and blank rectangle, the windshield or front window of the tram driver’s cab.

Above the window is a wide strip, filled with grid texture, an area dedicated to the electrical display for the respective tram line.

On the roof of the power wagon is located the pantograph or the device through which the motor is supplied with electricity at the contact with the overhead cables.

The pantograph is represented by a horizontal line with curved ends, located at the top edge, joined, at the bottom, by an outlined triangle crossed by a central vertical line.

A man is standing in the left bottom corner, on the station platform, thus positioned to facilitate the comparison of the dimensions of the tram to the height of an adult.

Additional data

The tram is a caring railway vehicle running on rails along city streets, and sometimes on a dedicated track. The lines served by the trams are called tram lines. Trams have almost exclusively electric traction, in the 19th century there were also horse-drawn trams.

Trams are usually lighter and shorter when there are trains and subways. Today, many celebrity trams use electric traction, the usual food being made from a catenary through the pantograph. Sometimes you can watch a third rail, a trolley or a pound. If necessary, these systems can have a power supply system in the city streets, and with diesel outside the city. Trams are usually included in larger “light rail” terms, care also includes other dedicated transport systems.

Tram lines can be closed in cities (for example, by long-distance lines, or trams) or clearly in small countries (for example in Basel, Strasbourg), they can run in a dedicated way, clearly in the city (light rail). Very rarely, trams can also carry goods, such as materials needed to maintain the line. Due to its versatility, the differences between the different modes of rail transport are often unclear.

One of the advantages over previous forms of transport was the low rolling resistance of the steel wheels on the rails, which allowed the animals to carry a higher load for a certain effort. The problem with horse-drawn trams was that the animals could only work a limited number of hours a day, had to be sheltered, fed and cared for every day, and produced significant amounts of debris that the company had to throw away. Electric trams have largely replaced animal-drawn trams in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Improvements in other forms of road transport, such as buses, led to the decline of trams in the mid-20th century, followed by a renaissance in the early 21st century.

In Romanian, the word tram comes from the English tramway and no distinctions are made between articulated or wagoned trams or depending on the type of rail on which it runs. In addition to the terms tram and tramway, English also uses streetcar, trolley, or trolleycar, depending on the location and type of vehicle [bibliography 1].

Bibliography:

Wikiwand, available online at https://www.wikiwand.com/ro/Tramvai accessed on October 21, 2019

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