The image shows a massive, eight-wheeled vehicle, called a truck, viewed from side and facing left.
It is distinguished from other vehicles by the fact that it is designed with a rectangular platform, at the back of the driver’s cab, on which various goods are transported.
Thus, the body car is uncovered for an easy loading, transport and unloading of cargo or raw material.
The products and materials transported by the truck are stored in a large container, marked by a big rectangle textured by small, parallel lines, arranged in groups of three and positioned vertically and horizontally.
The platform below is represented by a thin rectangular, elongated and horizontal, marked embossed, and fixed on four pairs of wheels, in the image outlined only those seen from side, highlighted as embossed circles, representing the tires, in the center of which there is an empty circle.
The covered body car, consisting of the driver’s cabin on the left, is shown embossed.
The cabin door is outlined by a blank line, and the window at the top of the door is rendered by a blank square.
Under the door is a stair with two steps, marked by short rectangles, horizontal and parallel, mounted to facilitate climbing up and down, due to the big level difference between the ground and the seat inside.
In the left edge of the truck is the windscreen, highlighted by a narrow, blank and vertical rectangle, next to the rear-view mirror on the driver’s side, attached to the car by a metal bar, marked as a small embossed circle.
The truck is a large vehicle used for freight. The size, shape and capacity vary greatly, depending on the purpose for which it was built. The standard truck has a length of 14 meters, a width of 255 centimeters and a height of maximum 4 meters. The loading capacity is 3-25 tons.
The truck is equipped with larger or smaller semi-trailers, open platforms, covered with tarpaulin or closed vans. It is also equipped with a cab, an enclosed space where the driver sits, and a compartment attached to the cab, where he can rest while not driving.
Commercial trucks are designed to be fitted with specialized equipment, such as garbage trucks, concrete mixers and vacuum cleaners. Modern trucks are mostly powered by diesel engines, although there are also trucks under 3 tons, which use gasoline engines, known as light commercial vehicles.
Trucks and cars have a common ancestor, the first steam-powered vehicle built in 1769 by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot. Initially, the trucks were built for short distance transport, to take the goods from the factory to the nearest train station.
In 1895, Karl Benz designed and built the first truck in history using the internal combustion engine. A few months later, the Benz truck was modified to serve as a bus. A year later, in 1896, another internal combustion engine truck was built by Gottlieb Daimler. It was also the first tow truck in the world.
The trucks at that time had mostly two-cylinder engines and could usually carry 1-2 tons.
The first truck in the United States was built by the Coach in 1899, and was available with optional 5 or 8 horsepower engines. The first Romanian truck was called SR 101 and was manufactured from 1954, at the “Red Flag” Factories, in Brasov.
The largest truck in the world is considered to be the Caterpillar 797F, a vehicle 7 meters high, 15 meters long and 9.75 meters wide, which can carry a maximum load of 688 tons.
The longest trucks on public roads are those in Australia. The longest vehicle driving there is a truck with a total length of almost 50 meters, which can carry no less than 205 tons.
- Introducere în istoria camioanelor, disponibil online la https://www.fomcotruckservice.ro/index.php/introducere-istoria-camioanelor/, accesat la 20 ianuarie 2020.
- Cum arăta primul camion din istorie, disponibil online la https://www.auto-bild.ro/stiri/masini-clasice/cum-arata-primul-camion-din-istorie-101916.html, accesat la 20 ianuarie 2020.