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Image description

The image shows a plant with long, erect leaves, with jagged edges, with a round flower at the tip of the stalk, called dandelion.

The flower on the left is dry, represented by a circle filled with x-textures, which render the thin and frail thorns, as light as the puff, which remain after the petals of the flower fade.

The flower on the right, viewed from the profile, shows through concentric and parallel lines, like a fan, the thin and thick petals of the dandelion flower, in full development.

The leaves start from the base of the stems and rise towards the flower, almost parallel to it, and are rendered full in relief.

Additional information

Dandelion is a perennial plant of various forms, very widespread in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe. It usually grows in grassy areas: on pastures, meadows, in moist soils, on the edge of dams and in gardens. The plants have cylindrical, straight roots, 10-25 centimeters long and 1-3 centimeters thick. The leaves are 15-25 centimeters long, are shaped like a spearhead and have jagged edges. The stem is 5-40 centimeters high and has a straight, usually hairy, tubular shape. As a result of the bees harvesting the flowers produce a lot of honey, at the same time maintaining them from March to June. The fruits have fluffy seeds that are taken by air currents, helping to spread the plant [bibliography 1]. The whole plant produces a milky and sticky substance.

Dandelion has several common names: hawkbit, chicory, horse-lettuce, blow-ball, cankerwort, clockflower, lion’s tooth, piss-in-bed, pissinlit, priest’s crown, puffball, swine’s snout, telltime, and yellow gowan.

Dandelion as a medicine was first mentioned in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries, under the name of Taraxcacon. In ancient times, dandelion roots and leaves were used to treat liver disorders. Native Americans were boiling the plant and drinking the contents to treat kidney disease, swelling, skin problems, heartburn, and stomach upset. The Chinese used dandelion to treat stomach problems, appendicitis, and breast problems such as inflammation or lack of milk flow. In Europe it was used to treat fever, eye problems, diabetes, and diarrhea [bibliography 3].

Quite unpopular, perhaps because of the bitter taste, slightly unpleasant, dandelion tea is one of the most powerful natural detoxifiers. The dandelion leaves from which the infusion is prepared are rich in fiber, protein and carbohydrates, but also in vitamins and minerals: vitamins A, E, K, C and complex B vitamins [bibliography 4].

Bibliography

  1. What is happening doctor, available at https://www.csid.ro/plants-medicinale-fitoterapice-si-gemoterapice/papadie-taraxacum-officinalis-11477652
  2. Natural Herbs, available online at http://www.naturalherbs.ro/herbs/en/gyogynovenyek/papadie-taraxacum-officinale/,
  3.  accessed October 15, 2019
  4. Pestre.ro, available online at https://www.pestre.ro/blog/papadia-tot-ce-treabli-sa-stim/,

accessed 15 October 2019

      5. Doctor Oana Cuzino, available online at  https://doc.ro/sanatate/ceai-papadie-beneficii-indicatii,  accessed October 15, 2019

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