The image shows the simplified diagram of any electrical circuit, a connection between several electrical components, attached to an electrical network in a closed loop or a path through which electricity flows, travelling back and forth.
The electrical network illustrated in the image is a linear one, rendered by a blank and horizontal rectangle, outlined with a thin line, at the edges of which are two generators or batteries, marked with plus and minus charges, at the left end, and a lamp or a light bulb. receiver, at the right end.
The electric batteries on the left side of the circuit are rendered by the specific symbol, respectively, two parallel lines, spaced between them, the longer line being up and the shorter down, denoted by the plus and minus charges.
The light bulb on the right side of the circuit is illustrated by the specific symbol, respectively a small blank circle, crossed on its center by an x.
The circuit in the image is a complex one, with four loops, counting from left to right, marked by four blank and vertical rectangles that form the main large, horizontal rectangle.
A loop must have at least two sides and be a closed shape, as shown in the figure, a rectangle through which the line passes once through each node.
The resistor on the right side of the second loop, center, is a component of the electrical circuit with the role of reducing the current voltage between two points and is highlighted by a blank and vertical rectangle.
Like the resistor, the capacitor is a simple passive device that is used to “store electricity” on its boards. A capacitor is a component that has the ability to store energy in the form of an electrical charge that produces a potential difference or static voltage on its boards, just like a small rechargeable battery. (5)
The capacitor located to the right side of the first loop, center, is highlighted by two horizontal lines, short and parallel.
The voltmeter to the right of the third loop is marked by a blank circle, in the center of which the letter V is noted.
The voltmeter is used to measure the voltage of the electric current in volts.
At the top of the electrical circuit, on the first eye is mounted an inductor, also called a coil, represented by the specific symbol, respectively a wavy line, with three loops.
The inductor is a coil with rolled copper armature, which stores energy in a magnetic field when electric current flows through it.
Also at the top of the circuit, on the second loop, there is an ammeter, shown by a blank circle, in the center of which the letter A is inscribed.
The ammeter is used to measure the intensity of electric current in amperes.