Image description

The image shows a flying bird, small to medium in size, viewed from side, heading towards left, with short wings and narrowed at the tip.

The dove is marked fully embossed, with a long tail, made of elongated feathers.

Its left wing, the one from the viewer’s side, is rendered by a wavy texture.

The head is small, round, with round and narrow eyes, and with a short and sharp beak.

The body is flattened, and below the abdomen are the slender legs finished in small claws.

Additional information

The pigeon (Columba livia) is a member of the bird family Columbidae. It is the most common bird in Europe. Domestic pigeon is the domesticated form of this species and can be seen near human settlements, in villages and big cities. There are different breeds of pigeons. Domestic pigeons originate from wild pigeons. 

The pigeon has an aerodynamic body shape, covered by feathers, flakes and fluff, with a length between 39-60 centimeters. It has a small, round, mobile head that ends with a beak. They weigh on average 500 grams. Pigeons feed with seeds, cereals and bakery products, which they often receive from passers-by. The pigeon lives about 5 years in the wild and 15 years in captivity. The female pigeon lays two white eggs in the nest and incubates them together with the male pigeon, for 16-19 days. The pigeon is said to choose its mate over life.  The baby pigeons are fed by both parents with ,,pigeon milk” – a white secretion produced in both male and female’s crops.

The Pigeon was used for carrying messages from early times because it finds its way home from long distances.Unlike human navigators who must use chronometers and sextants to determine their position, homing pigeons almost instantly know​—by sensing the earth’s magnetic field and from the position of the sun—​which direction to fly. Even though released in strange territory, hundreds of kilometers from their home, the position of the sun shows their direction of flight.The pigeon has strong wings and travels long distances in search of food, but it is also fast enough (it is able to reach speeds of over 80 kilometers per ​hour), to avoid danger. However, it is not afraid of humans, being an easy prey for bird hunters.

Pigeons are complex and intelligent animals. They are one of only a small number of species that manage to pass the ,,mirror test’ – a test of self recognition. They are highly sociable animals,  often seen in flocks of 20-30 pigeons.  Pigeons have extremely well developed hearing. They can detect sounds from a greater distance than man does. Although, today, pigeon droppings on the street are regarded as unsightly, in the past they were extremely valuable, being seen as the best fertilizer.


  1. Pigeon, viewed on the site at:
  2. Pigeon, viewed on the site at:
  3. Pigeon – Insight into understanding the Scriptures, viewed on the site at:
  4. Curiosities about pigeons, viewed on the website at:

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