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Image Description

The image presents Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia, Bulgaria, a massive, large building, viewed from the side.

The cathedral is made up of several towers, high and vertical constructions, large in diameter, with a round top like a vault.

Two of them are highlighted by their height, and can be distinguished from the rest of the building, in the upper side, the first being narrower, also where the main entrance is located, and the second, more imposing, extends on a larger diameter.

The rounded roofs of the turrets are represented by dotted texture.

At the top of the turrets are distinguished small, narrow, elongated windows, rendered by vertical and thin rectangles, arched above like a circle arch.

These stained glass windows or glass mosaics, showing various shapes, are framed by small circular columns of stone.

The entire cathedral is highlighted by a full textured relief.

Historical Information

Alexander Nevski Memorial Church is a great symbol of the capital of Bulgaria. This church was erected in 1912 by the Russian architect Alexander Pomerantev. Its bell tower has a height of 53 meters and houses 53 bells. It is the largest church in Bulgaria and can accommodate about 5,000 people [bibliography 1]. The structure used in the construction of the cathedral was made in the United Kingdom using high-quality British steel [bibliography 2].

The cathedral is a tribute to the fallen soldiers during the Russian-Turkish war, which brought Bulgaria’s independence from the Ottoman Empire. Surprisingly, the Bulgarian National Cathedral is dedicated to a Russian Tsar, canonized after his remains were found intact at the burial ground. Alexander Nevsky is considered one of the key figures in Russian history, but churches dedicated to him are found in other Slavic countries, Belgrade (Serbia), Talin (Estonia) and Tbilisi (Georgia), Baku (Azerbaijan), Jerusalem (Israel), Warsaw (Poland), Yalta (Ukraine). This Tsar, who fought with the Nordic people of the Scandinavian Peninsula, cultivated a friendship and submission to the Golden Horde, targeting Russia rather than the East, rather than Europe. Alexander Nevsky Patriarchal Cathedral in Sofia is a replica of the archetypal Saint Sophia in Constantinople (Istanbul) [bibliography 3].

The marble pieces and the luminaires were created in Munich, the metal elements in Berlin, the gates in Vienna, and the mosaics were shipped from Venice [bibliography 4].

Bibliography:

  1. http://travel.descopera.ro/12632487-Sofia-frumoasa-capitala-a-vecinilor-nostri available at October 17th, 2019
  2. https://basilica.ro/catedrala-sf-alexandru-nevsky-din-sofia-va-intra-intr-un-amplu-proces-de-restaurare/ available at October 17th, 2019
  3. http://www.webphoto.ro/destinatii/catedrala-ortodoxa-alexander-nevsky-din-sofia.html available at October 17th, 2019
  4. http://www.descoperalocuri.ro/atractii-turistice/catedrala-alexander-nevsky.html available at October 17th, 2019

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