Image description

The image shows a common fly species, found everywhere, called the housefly, an single wings paired insect, small, with big eyes, tiny head and curved body.

It has one pair of limbs in the front, meaning in the upper side of its body, parallel to the head, and two pairs of limbs in the back, respectively at the bottom.

Its six limbs, attached to the body, are marked by short, curved lines.

The body with the abdomen is placed in the middle and is rendered embossed.

The two big, round eyes are located in the top middle end of its body, and are marked with two embossed circles.

Between the eyes it is rising a straight line, which represents the antenna-like sucking mouth part.

The single pair of wings is attached to the body, at the top of the abdomen.

Each wing is curved and elongated, rendered by a grid texture.

Additional information

The flies are insects of the order Diptera (the name being derived from Greek, di = two  and pteron = wing), possessing only a single pair of wings. The housefly is one of the most widely distributed animals.

Diptera is a large order, containing an estimated 240,000 species of different varieties of insects, although under half of these (about 120,000 species) have been studied and described. Diptera is one of the major insect orders, among those are the predatory flies and mosquitoes, which are extremely important because of their role in transmitting diseases such as malaria and yellow fever.

Many flies feed on organic and decomposing matter. The flies sit on everything and basically consume everything.

The flies are 5-10 mm long; the body is entirely covered by bristles; on the head has two large compound eyes (faceted eyes).

The flies are 5-10 mm long; the body is entirely covered by bristles; they have two large compound eyes on the sides of the head.

Flies annoy people by sitting and moving on various parts of their body, chaotic flying through the room and buzzing. By laying eggs and because of the larvae feeding stage, they can contaminate the food. Because flies are carriers of diseases, they become a danger to hygiene. There is evidence that house flies can transmit Helicobacter pylori bacteria that can cause ulcers in humans. Thus it is assumed that flies are also carriers of other diseases besides this, although its role as a transmitter of diseases is probably often overestimated.

Biodegradable waste must be disposed of as quickly and regularly as possible to keep flies away. Food that can spoil should not be left uncovered.

Flies can be killed with the classic flyswat. Other methods that are successful in combating them are fly paper, fly nets, insect sprays and UV lamps.

The females lay their eggs in the garbage, compost, rotten food (biodegradable garbage) and fertilizer mixed with straw. After an embryonic evolution of about 15-25 hours they leave the eggs of larvae, which have neither head nor legs. By waving the body they can easily move into the food substrate, without needing any help. They feed on the substances in the rotten matter. During this time, they grow and shed their skin twice before entering the pupa stage. The duration of the metamorphosis made in the pupa stage depends on the temperature and is 3-8 days. Upon leaving the pupa, the fly takes off the shell with the help of a vesica, which comes out of a balloon-like structure on its head. Three days after hatching adult flies are already ready for breeding.

The flies fly with great precision and agility. Their flight speed is 2 meters per second (7.2 km / h). They flap their wings 200 times per second.

There was a species of fly, Cephenomia, whose flight exceeded the speed of sound, reaching 1300 km / h. Maggots were used to treat the wounds of soldiers in wars [bibliography 1].

The female is generally larger than the male. Females can be distinguished from males by the space between the eyes, the female being larger than the male. As a lifespan, flies usually live up to 15-25 days, but can reach up to two months. Without food, they survive only 2-3 days [bibliography 2].

The housefly is the most common fly species. The horse fly is the fastest flying insect and has a top speed of approximately 145 km / h. Gauromydas Heros, with a length of up to 7 cm , is generally considered to be the largest fly in the world, while the smallest is Euryplatea Nanaknihali, which at 0.4 mm is smaller than a grain of salt. Some species of flies mimic stinging insects, such as wasps and bees, so that predators avoid them. The flies do not have teeth, instead they have a long tongue called a proboscis, which sucks up the food like a straw [bibliography 3].


  1. All Animals, available online at, accessed October 18, 2019
  2. Acarom, available online at, accessed October 18, 2019
  3. goki, available online at,  accessed October 18, 2019

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